Afronews flash

November

Negotiations to avoid vaccine apartheid begin today, 29 November

The South Africa and other countries have accepted the proposal of the President of the European Council Charles Michel to start negotiations for a pandemic treaty within the World Health Organization (WHO). Thanks to European pressure, a special session of the World Health Assembly begins next Monday, November 29, 2021. The pandemic treaty for the preparation and response to future pandemics holds the bench in the international health offices in Geneva, not without discontent, easily understood; see here an article by Nicoletta Dentico on the Manifesto of 11.28.21 (news in subdued tone on other sources)

 

https://ilmanifesto.it/lagio-del-virus-nellaparthaeid-vaccinale/?goal=0_1006d401fe-a6877573fa-184776845&mc_cid=a6877573fa&mc_eid=70e7f70d29

 

to the World Health Organization website

https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2021/11/29/default-calendar/second-special-session-of-the-world-health-assembly

 

The Ethiopian premier appears more and more alone

This is what emerges in the last hours of this interminable conflict between government troops and insurgents of the Tigray Region, to which other insurgents seem to be added.  neighboring regions. The idyll with the whole world, signed by the delivery of the Nobel Peace Prize, which Abiy Ahmed received in 2019 for the solution of the conflict with Eritrea, seems to have ended, precisely due to sudden decisions taken by the Ethiopian leader himself.

See article    

and here too

How the climate does violence to (poor) women

An article by Peter Muiruri appeared in the Guardian on November 3, illustrating how climate change has increased violence against women in poverty. This is what happens to some women in Northern Kenya, where the increasingly frequent drought has recently reduced many cattle farmers to their limits. The loss of animals has generated not only food scarcity but generated in the herdsmen, fathers of families, great feelings of frustration, which usually result in violence against their wives. Many of these were forced to abandon their husbands, obviously taking their children with them. However, there are (few) reception centers for these fleeing women, such as the one mentioned in the article, Umoja (in Swahili = Union). But, as often happens in misfortunes, according to the ancient adage “it rains in the wet”, drought forces these women to have to supply themselves with water further and further away, perhaps even competing for the same water with dangerous animals, such as crocodiles. The situation is such that these unfortunates come to say "I left a husband to find a crocodile!".

To the article:

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/nov/03/we-run-from-men-only-to-meet-crocodiles-kenyas-drought-is-deadly-for-women,

 

Writers choose social networks ....

A few months ago a new phenomenon was discussed on the African Arguments platform: that of the publication of entire novels through social media.

In all southern African countries, there is a tendency of readers to turn to books by local authors that are uploaded directly to Facebook pages, Whatsapp groups or shared online as a pdf. Genres span everything from fantasy to crime and self help. They are often in local languages and some even use emojis to represent action. Many readers find them not only more convenient and accessible, but also more easily recognizable.

It feels real and interesting to read a thriller by a local author in the vernacular, rather than a book written by thriller author John Grisham, who is far away.

This new phenomenon began in earnest about five years ago, when more writers in the region, particularly in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, began trying to evade the traditional publishing industry.

The response to this new trend in the traditional publishing industry has been mixed. Some, like Zimbabwean author Ignatius Mabasa, 50, welcome it. In his decade-long career, he has published several books across the traditional publishing industry, but has sought to find ways to innovate. Mabasa was one of the first Zimbabwean writers to publish e-books and, in 2012, founded Bhabhu Books to support books written in local languages.

For others, traditional publishing is of no interest. For them, publishing directly online is not only convenient, but an active choice.

 

Ethiopia

Already in September, Le Monde estimated that the conflict that has been going on for almost a year in Ethiopia is now the deadliest on the continent, with at least 10 thousand dead, if we add up the numbers of enemy fighters killed communicated by the Addis Ababa government and by the rebel forces of the Tigris. Not to count the possible victims of the famine. The two sides and the media close to them publish completely conflicting versions of some events and accuse each other of war crimes.

 

Addis Ababa confirms the new air raids carried out yesterday on the Tigrinya capital, Mekelle. Target the arms depots of the Tigrinya militias.

Hospital sources report several civilians who died under the bombs, including two children.

The military escalation seems out of control having spread to other areas: there is a fight for control of the A2 motorway, which connects Addis to Mekelle.

The government has declared a state of emergency and, after the conquest of two cities by the rebels, there is now fear for the capital Addis Ababa . (The Guardian)

The question that many are asking is how Abiy Ahmed's transformation from a great mediator, as well as a Nobel Peace Prize winner, to a man of war and a possible "destroyer of the Ethiopian nation" took place. In fact, the country is never more likely to be shattered than today.

But how did it happen that the prime minister, Abyi Ahmed, Nobel Peace Prize winner, became a warmonger committed to destroying his own country?

The German weekly Der Spiegel believes that it was partly the fault of the Nobel Prize, with whom he considered himself authorized to foment tribal hatred and more. I hate that it was able to spread throughout the country also through social networks such as Facebook (now called Meta), which is unable to control less widespread languages such as those in use in Ethiopia (International from Le Monde, read here) , with consequent freedom to expression even to violent content.

How is the Mozambican uprising financed?

On the Africa Portal platform, in the recent edition, one wonders how funds reach the insurgents of Cabo Delgado.

In northern Mozambique, a group known as Ahlu-Sunna Wa-Jama'a (ASWJ) led the uprising that resulted in mass displacement and loss of life. As the group consolidates its position in northern Mozambique, questions arise about its position within the country's entrenched illicit trade economy. There is evidence that insurgents are funded directly by this illegal economy, but informal channels for illicit financial flows, such as hawala networks (Wikipedia: is an informal system of value transfer based on the performance and honor of a vast network of brokers , mainly located in the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa and South Asia. https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawala ), create gray areas through which insurgents can send and receive money. Without progressive and responsible efforts to formalize money transfer systems, as well as to build trust with local communities, the hawala networks will remain vulnerable to misuse by the rebel group.

Africa Portal https://www.africaportal.org/publications/paying-price-financing-mozambican-insurgency/

Myths and no-vax beliefs in Africa  to the article here .

Vaccines in Africa: who knows?!?       to the article here .