Afronews flash

Truce in Ethiopia?

In early April, Ethiopian federal authorities surprised the world by proclaiming an "unlimited humanitarian truce" in the ongoing war in Tigray. Motivated by this news, which was supposed to bring relief to the Tigrin people, who will now be able to benefit from humanitarian aid, the TPLF rebels responded favorably to the government's request, announcing a ceasefire the next day.

A gateway has been opened for humanitarian aid with food products from the Wolrd Food Program. There are an estimated half a million people in need of help. On 6 April, Amnesty international and Human rights watch published a joint report, in which they accuse the authorities and militias of the Amhara region of having committed ethnic cleansing operations in the western part of the Tigris since November 2020.  

Better with a woman - Tanzania

After five years of closure ordered by former president John Magufuli, four Tanzanian newspapers have resumed normal activities. These and other newspapers - published in Swahili - have been sanctioned every time they revealed cases of corruption and human rights violations. . Under Magufuli, who died in 2021, Tanzania had slipped to 124th place out of 180 in Reporters Without Borders' press freedom ranking, losing 53 positions from 2016 to 2021. Today, things are timidly changing under President Samia Suluhu Hassan, who will speak at an East African publishers event on World Press Freedom Day on May 3. The change is recognized to this woman by various entities, such as the regional periodical  The East African (Tanzania stronger with Samia) or from the Deutsche Welle website (Samia, a boon for women) or the Kenyan newspaper Daily Nation).

"Russiafrica"

On Le Monde, in an issue of this January, it was told of how Russia has further inserted itself in the rounds of relations with African states, culminating in the Russia-Africa meeting in Sochi in October 2019. Since then, support for the centers of African National Security has become more and more intense, seeing directly involved government employees or Russian mercenaries such as the Wagner Group, involved in Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique. Not always with positive results except for Central Africa, which saw pro-Russian demonstrations in the capital Bangui, when Moscow declared war on Ukraine.

For some time there has been writing of this return to African countries, highlighting the risks of the Russian strategic advance in Africa. The moment of truth was on March 2, when the United Nations General Assembly voted a resolution condemning the Russian aggression against Ukraine: among the African countries, twenty-eight approved it,  seventeen abstained (almost half of the total abstainers), eight were not present and Eritrea was among the few states that voted against.